A cook can never have too much help! That's why we've compiled this list of helpful kitchen conversions, measurements, and kitchen tips. Bookmark this page! We will be adding all the best tips as we find them. 


Units of Measurements Abbreviations 

Tsp = Teaspoon

Tbsp, T, TB, TBL, TBS = Tablespoon

C = Cup

PT = Pint

QT = Quart

ML = Milliliters

L = Liters

OZ = Ounces

FL OZ = Fluid Ounces (Liquid)

G = Grams

LB = Pounds 


Measurements Substitutions

 A pinch = 1/8 teaspoon or less

3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon = 1/16 cup

6 teaspoons = 2 tablespoons = 1/8 cup

12 teaspoons = 4 tablespoons = ¼ cup

24 teaspoons = 8 tablespoons = ½ cup

36 tablespoons = 12 tablespoons = ¾ cup

48 teaspoons = 16 tablespoons = 1 cup

2 cups = 1 pint

4 cups = 1 quart

4 quarts = 1 gallon

4 pecks = 1 bushel

16 ounces = 1 pound

32 ounces = 1 quart

8 fluid ounces = 1 cup

1 ounce liquid = 2 tablespoons

1 liter = 34 fluid ounces 


Ingredient Substitutions

Cream of Tartar, 1tsp = 2 tsp of lemon juice or vinegar

Self-Rising Flour, 1 cup = 1 cup all-purpose flour, ½ tsp salt, and 1 tsp. baking powder

Cornstarch, 1 tablespoon = 2 tablespoons flour or 2 teaspoons quick-cooking tapioca

 Baking Powder, 1 teaspoon = ¼ tsp baking soda plus ½ tsp. cream of tartar

Powdered sugar, 1 cup = 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1 teaspoon cornstarch

Brown sugar, ½ cup = 2 tablespoons molasses in ½ cup granulated sugar

Sour Milk or Buttermilk, 1 cup = 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus fresh milk to make 1 cup. Let stand 5 minutes.

Whole milk, 1 cup = ½ cup evaporated milk plus ½ cup water

Unsweetened chocolate square = 4 tablespoons cocoa plus 1 tablespoons butter

Dry mustard, 1 teaspoon = 1 tablespoon prepared mustard

Tomato Juice, 1 cup = ½ cup tomato sauce plus ½ cup water

Ketchup, 1 cup = 1 cup tomato sauce plus ½ cup sugar plus 2 tablespoons vinegar 

BBQ Sauce, 1 cup = 1 cup ketchup plus 2 tbsp mustard plus ¼ cup brown sugar 

Garlic, 1 small clove = 1/8 tsp garlic powder 

Miniature Marshmallows, 1 cup = 10 large marshmallows

Lemon Zest, 1 tsp = ½ tsp lemon extract 


Kitchen Tips and Tricks

To get rid of smells on your hands, like stinky onion smell, rub them with a stainless steel spoon or in a stainless steel sink. Why it works, I don’t know. Probably some science thing. Either way, it works. 

Put a store-bought slice of bread in the container with your homemade cookies to keep them nice and soft!

Bring eggs to room temperature quickly by placing them in a bowl of warm water on the counter.

Thaw out frozen meat by either placing on an aluminum pan, tray or even aluminum foil. It cuts thaw time down by about 1/3.

Never cook beef roast or steak cold. Let it sit at room temperature for about an hour before cooking. Brush with oil before seasoning. It will help seal the juices in.

Use greased muffin tins to hold stuffed peppers when baking.

Lettuce and greenery keep better if you store in the refrigerator without washing it first. Keep the leaves dry and wash the day you are going to eat it.

Do not use metal bowls or knives when making a lettuce salad, as the metal will make the leaves brown quicker.

When making and freezing your own meatballs, place them on a cookie sheet separated until frozen. Then Place in plastic bags and they will stay separated, so you can take out as many as you want at a time.

When boiling corn, add sugar and lemon juice to the water, not salt. Salt toughens the corn.

To make your own croutons or bread crumbs, cut 6 slices of bread into ½-inch cubes. Microwave in a 3-quart microwave safe bowl for 6-7 minutes, or until dry, stirring occasionally. Leave in squares for croutons or blend or process in food processor for bread crumbs.